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Some key exercises

The following examples illustrate some of the typical steps used in the various Lexion exercises.

Phonology 1

The pupil begins working at the phonological awareness level. This training results in becoming aware of phonemes (phoneme positioning, segmentation, and blending) that are the fundamentals of speech.

Phonology 2


Having reached the goals of the first stage, the pupil continues with tasks on phoneme-grapheme correspondence.

The initial exercise on the letter/sound level shows two pictures and the task may be ‘which one begins with [h]?’ (pronounced as a phoneme, not as a letter name). At a later step the pictures are accompanied by a visible letter. This way the child learns that the phoneme is the sound of the letter.

Phonology 3

When the child has understood the concept of phonemes as opposed to letter names, it continues with the ‘Sound memory’ exercise. When finding two identical sounds in sequence the card faces turn up.

Phonology 4

Now, exercises on phonemic awareness are introduced. The crucial exercise is called ‘Sound split’, which trains the segmentation of words into phonemes, as well as the reassembly of phonemes into words, with the help of letters. This is useful for children with mainly logographic strategies. The exercise integrates phonemic and phonological skills, thus facilitating the development of phonological processing.

There are four steps involved in the exercise itself:

1. 2.
3. 4.
  1. Visual segmentation. Splitting the letters apart into phonemes/graphemes. The child learns about the visual segments of the word.
  2. Visual segmentation and reassembly into original word. Also rearranging letters back into a word. The child learns the phonological link between phoneme and grapheme.
  3. Visual segmentation, reassembly into original word, and writing on paper. Also writing the word on a piece of paper while pronouncing the letter sounds aloud.
  4. Auditory and visual segmentation, reassembly into original word, and writing on paper. The exercise begins with hearing the word and deciding how many sounds it contains. This completes the integration of visual and auditory processes.


Phonology 5, Spelling

After having worked sufficiently with segmenting and blending, the child is ready to deal with various spelling problems. Spelling variants are trained from a phonological aspect. Common spelling rules are also introduced.


Syllables 1

More exercises follow, now from the syllable aspect. First, syllables are identified by finding one of the syllables of a word, and dragging it into a box.

 

Syllables 2

Later, syllables are segmented and assembled visually and auditorily in various exercises.

 

Words 1

The exercise ‘Write the word’ offers a great variety of word lists and settings. It is especially suited for pupils not sufficiently developed in phonological strategy. One of the settings allows the copying of a given word presented spoken along with a picture.

At a later step the word model is presented for a short while, so it has to be copied from memory. When the pupil writes the word on the keyboard, another setting may be used allowing for an immediate response after each letter. Yet another setting uses alternative letters to choose from when writing the word.

Words 2

Various exercises offer training in letter sequencing with help of phonological analysis at the word level.

Words 3

The exercise ‘Read with speed’ is designed for pupils who struggle with phonological decoding. The exercise shows words or phrases for a limited period of time and the word has to be matched to a source word or a picture – or a recording. The target alternatives are shown consecutively and the pupil has to react by clicking the mouse or hitting the space bar when the right alternative appears.

Concepts, sentences, texts

Although decoding may still be difficult, training should also focus on comprehension. It is not advisable to postpone reading comprehension tasks till after decoding is mastered. Comprehension tasks and exercises in grammar are available in several exercises. Segmentation and assembly of sentences is trained with sentences and whole texts.

Click here for more information about Lexion

 
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